Pagan dating agency
Historians have debated whether these belief systems were derived from indigenous religious traditions or were a "degenerate" offshoot of the more sophisticated mythologies of the nearby Fertile Crescent. There is evidence to support the contention that some reports of the sīras are of dubious validity, but there is also evidence to support the contention that the sīra narratives originated independently of the Quran.
The peninsula had been subject to Jewish migration since Roman times, which had resulted in a diaspora community supplemented by local converts.Additionally, the influence of the Sasanian Empire resulted in Iranian religions being present in the peninsula.Zoroastrianism existed in the east and south, while there is evidence of Manichaeism or possibly Mazdakism being practised in Mecca.Nomadic religious belief systems and practices are believed to have included fetishism, totemism and veneration of the dead but were connected principally with immediate concerns and problems and did not consider larger philosophical questions such as the afterlife. Peters, "one of the characteristics of Arab paganism as it has come down to us is the absence of a mythology, narratives that might serve to explain the origin or history of the gods." The majority of extant information about Mecca during the rise of Islam and earlier times comes from the text of Quran itself and later Muslim sources such as the Prophetic biography literature dealing with the life of Muhammad and the eighth-century Book of Idols.Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia was a mix of polytheism, Christianity, Judaism, and Iranian religions.Arab polytheism, the dominant form of religion in pre-Islamic Arabia, was based on veneration of deities and other rituals.
Gods and goddesses, including Hubal and the goddesses al-Lāt, Al-‘Uzzá and Manāt, were worshipped at local shrines, such as the Kaaba in Mecca.
Different theories have been proposed regarding the role of Allah in Meccan religion.
Other religions were represented to varying, lesser degrees.
The influence of the adjacent Roman, Aksumite and Sasanian Empires resulted in Christian communities in the northwest, northeast and south of Arabia.
Christianity made a lesser impact, but secured some conversions, in the remainder of the peninsula.
With the exception of Nestorianism in the northeast and the Persian Gulf, the dominant form of Christianity was Miaphysitism.